Demosite Development at Public School (Pesantren Ar-Risalah)

The objective of demosite for ecohydrology development is as a field station in relation to the implementation of ecohydrology concepts in the field.  Demosite ecohydrology campaign is expected to be material to socializing sustainable management of water resources in accordance with the concept of ecohydrology as well as a natural laboratory for the future development of the concept of ecohydrology especially that represents ecohydrology tropical Indonesian concern. Ecohydrology demosite development in Indonesia will be directed to a location demosite representing the concept of sustainable management of water resources in several different groups, namely:

Demosite ecohydrology for the management of community-based on water resources

Community is an important factor in supporting the management of water resources sustainable. Community groups are expected to be agents of change in an effort to integrated water resources management or commonly referred to as Integrated Water Resources Management. In 2012, ecohydrology demosite development for the management of water resources at community-based public schools.

Pesantren community is a community that is strong enough position in society and is led by a leader who generally become role models in the society, so expect a transfer of knowledge from outside the community to be relatively easy to do through the personal.

1). Pesantren is a formal educational institutions at the primary level to advanced, then education about water resources can be inserted in the thier place and one of them is through the presence demosite

2). Number of pesantren in Indonesia is quite a lot, although the exact number has not been recorded with certainty, but the overall estimated pesantren in Indonesia could empower up to 20 million people.  The success of socialization and campaign sustainable management of water resources in the pesantren community demosite location will be used as a model for other Islamic communities and ultimately the general public.

Location

Pesantren Al-Risala in Kudat District selected as one of the locations where development demosite demosite this has been done in 2012 and will continue in activity in 2013. Together with students (students / santriwati) and local pesantren Al-Risala total involving approximately 2,700 people consisting of students who were settled (Boarding School), teachers and support personnel who are mostly local people.

Problems

Water sources are used to meet the water needs of the daily boarding comes from ground water and river water Cijantung.  Groundwater is used by making use of artesian well water while the river is done by first doing a simple processing tanks through coagulation, flocculation and filtration. Thing that needs attention is the quality of river water is used if it meets quality standards for allotment of domestic activities including for the purposes of hygiene and sanitation. Sewage disposal system in boarding schools is still open or open dumping in the environment.  Solid waste and liquid waste is disposed of in open landfills in the location which is located in the backyard boarding.  While domestic solid and liquid waste discharged directly into water bodies through the pipes without prior processing. This of course would be bad both for the local air and water quality and public health given the quality of river water is used directly.  Quality of raw water used and waste management boarding occupants were assessed less well become the focus of attention improvement of water resources management at the site through demosite ecohydrology

Artificial wetland for domestic wastewater treatment

In the early stages of development demosite ecohydrology at Pesantren Al-Risala Kudat focused on improving the quality of domestic water and waste management. Domestic wastewater treatment is done with the manufacture of artificial wetlands (Constructed Wetland), hereinafter referred to as wetland. This wetland functions to improve water quality of domestic wastewater originating from the bathroom, kitchen and ablution place that is not directly discharged into the river water bodies. Meanwhile, domestic solid waste will be collected on a communal septic tank where water runoff can flow into wetland. For improvement and quality of water supply to schools, future planned for the manufacture and installation of water treatment plant at the location of schools by utilizing river water as a raw material.

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